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Trigger Point Therapy

Myofascial trigger point therapy, also known as “trigger point therapy”, refers to the treatment of painful and tense areas that are found in the muscles and fascia, which can be found anywhere in the body.

The term “myofascia” literally refers to the “muscles and fascia” together. All the muscles in the human body are surrounded and separated by fascia (connective tissue), meaning they are intricately connected to one another.

A “trigger point” is an area of shortened muscle fiber on a microscopic level (“contraction knot”) that creates pain and limits range of motion in the patient.


This is one of the most common causes of chronic myofascial pain globally but is missed by a lot of healthcare practitioners because the patient may not feel the pain directly at the site where the trigger point is (“referred pain”).

The concept of referred pain is one of the main characteristics of trigger points, which is where the trigger point literally refers the pain to other areas of the body (or “triggers” other areas of pain).

A classic example is a patient who suffers from chronic headaches that are caused by trigger points in the neck muscles.

The patient may not know that they have the trigger points in the neck muscles until the practitioner manually feels and presses on the specific area of the neck, which would then “trigger” the region where the patient normally has the headaches.

The goals of myofascial trigger point therapy:

  • Improving blood circulation to the site of the trigger point

  • Stretching/lengthening of the shortened muscle fiber(s)

  • Releasing the surrounding fascia (2)

Our clinic focuses on manual trigger point therapy, where the doctor uses his hands to manually manipulate and release the affected area(s).

Trigger point therapy can of course be painful and slightly uncomfortable at certain points throughout the treatment; however, this is a necessary part of the process of releasing the pain, relaxing the myofascia, and producing long-term relief afterwards.

  1. David G. Simons, MD, Janet G. Travell, MD & Lois Statham Simons “Myofascial Pain & Dysfunction - The Trigger Point Manual", Volume 1, 1999)

  2. David G. Simons Academy. About Trigger Points and Trigger Point Therapy

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